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Sailor Uranus (セーラーウラヌス, Sērā Uranusu?) is one of the central characters in the Sailor Moon metaseries. Her real name is Amara Tenoh (天王 はるか, Ten'ō Haruka?, or Haruka Tenoh in the manga and Japanese anime), a masculine and tomboyishly beautiful schoolgirl who can transform into one of the series' specialized heroines, the Sailor Scouts. She is also Sailor Neptune's cousin (in the English anime only, in other versions she is her lover).
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Sailor Uranus
Aquateen92Added by Aquateen92

Amara is one of the most famous out lesbians in the anime fandom. Her masculine persona (by shōjo standards) is one of the standard archetypes in yuri as the lover of Sailor Neptune.

The Anime

Sailor Uranus and her cousin Sailor Neptune appeared to stop the Bureau of Bad Behavior, led by mad scientist Doctor Tomoe, from destroying the world. They destroyed the first Daimon, Mikusi. They were searching for the three Pure Heart Crystals to find the Purity Chalice and save the world, even though they knew that if a person remained separated from their Pure Heart for too long, they would die. For this reason, they did not get along well with the Sailor Scouts, and only returned the Pure Hearts after seeing that they were not the crystals the Heart Snatchers were after.

In Episode 3, Driving Dangerously, Amara and Michelle were first introduced in their human forms, and Amara, due to her masculine dress style, was mistaken for a man by Serena and Mina, until the end of the episode.

In Episode 9, Friendly Foes, Sailor Uranus was forced to work together with Sailor Moon fighting off Kaorinite when she tied Sailor Uranus and Sailor Moon's wrists together and threw Sailor Neptune over a waterfall.

In Episode 13, Birthday Blues, Part 2: Sailor Uranus decided to help the Sailor Scouts out, and used World Shaking
  • Uranus World Shaking
  • Uranus World Shaking
  • Uranus World Shaking
  • Uranus World Shaking
  • Uranus World Shaking
on Kaorinite, causing her crystal beam to reflect back at her, encasing her in crystal, where she then fell over Tokyo Tower to her death. In Episode 21, Destiny's Arrival, Sailor Uranus and Sailor Neptune realized that they had two of the three Pure Heart crystals. After Eugeal extracted Sailor Neptune's Pure Heart, and was knocked over the edge by Sailor Moon, Sailor Uranus used Eugeal's gun to extract her own Pure Heart, which was the Space Sword
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. However, Sailor Pluto, whose crystal ball was the third Pure Heart crystal, separated the Pure Hearts from the two crystals and returned them to Sailor Neptune and Sailor Uranus. In the following episode, Sailor Moon got the Purity Chalice and defeated Eugeal, but because she collapsed from the power afterwards, Sailor Uranus and Sailor Neptune became convinced that she was not the Sovereign who would stop the Silence.

When they found out that Hotaru was possessed by Mistress 9, they decided that the only way to stop her was to destroy Hotaru, which Rini (Sailor Mini Moon), Sailor Moon, and the other Sailor Scouts did not want them to do. When they entered Mugen School to stop the Heart Snatchers for good, Mistress 9 sent Doctor Tomoe over to deal with them. Germatoid, the monster inside him, left him to fight them. Sailor Uranus blew him to bits with World Shaking, but he entered several human-sized monsters that he created. When Sailor Neptune used the Deep Aqua Mirror to reveal the true Germatoid, Sailor Uranus stabbed him in the face with her Space Sword, killing him.

After Pharaoh 90 was defeated, Sailor Uranus and Sailor Neptune fought Sailor Moon, feeling that she should not be future queen when she put the world at risk for one person. However, a light from her tiara caused Sailor Uranus to crash into Sailor Neptune, and they finally recognized her as Princess Serena and Neo Queen Serenity before they left, saying Hotaru wasn't the only one she saved.

Powers

Sailor Uranus's main attack is World Shaking, or Uranus World Shaking, an orange energy ball that also causes an earthquake to the enemy. This was used to destroy Mikusi (when combined with Sailor Neptune's Deep Submerge), as well as Kaorinite (the first time).

Sailor Uranus transforms by using the Uranus Lip Rod
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and saying "Uranus Planet Power."
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power
  • Uranus Planet Power

Note: All other sections of this article mainly follow manga and Japanese anime, in which her name is Haruka rather than Amara, Michelle is Michiru, and they are lesbians rather than cousins.

Profile

Amara is a stubborn, protective individual, but is also strong-willed, capable, charming, and occasionally even doting. She is formally introduced in the third story arc, although she appears in silhouette alongside Sailor Neptune in the final episode of Sailor Moon R.

Amara is a racecar driver, even though she is barely sixteen years old when she appears. However, the timing of her birthday to the Japanese school year means she is one grade ahead of the Guardian Scout.

File:200px-HarukaTenoh.jpg
Amara with sword and Ferrari F512M, as drawn by Naoko Takeuchi. With her short hair and masculine hobbies, Amara's character design is pointedly androgynous. On first meeting, most other characters think she is male.
Among fans in North America, Amara and Michelle are among the most famous out lesbian characters in anime. Amara is also extremely flirtatious and loves to tease pretty girls who sometimes mistake her gender due to Amara's tomboyish behavior. In the manga, she even kisses Serena.[2] Throughout the manga, she is lightly flirting with Serena, either out of habit from the first arc she appeared in or just for fun, and eventually Serena would occasionally flirt back out of pure playfulness.

Although her relationship with Michelle is not implicitly sexual until later in the series, their romantic situation is referred to early on and generally understood by most of the metaseries' characters fairly quickly. It is sometimes a source of good natured humor, particularly because few of the other Scouts have serious romantic prospects in comparison and because the otherwise flirtatious Amara finds it impolite to discuss romantic matters in public. All fan rumors about Amara being a man, the reincarnation of one, or a hermaphrodite, are untrue. Naoko Takeuchi has explicitly stated that "Amara has always been a girl. Always will be."[3] [1][2]Amara with sword and Ferrari F512M, as drawn by Naoko Takeuchi. With her short hair and masculine hobbies, Amara's character design is pointedly androgynous. On first meeting, most other characters think she is male.She further complicates the perception of her gender by appearing as a "Tuxedo Mask" instead of a Sailor Scout in the first appearance. This form is never mentioned again.[4]

Besides her relationship with Michelle, Amara is also close friends with Trista, because the three of them work closely together as Outer Scouts. Following the destruction of the Death Busters and the rebirth of Sailor Saturn as an infant, they vow to be her family and care for her. Later story arcs show that the four live together happily for some time. Nothing about Amara's family life is ever discussed, although she and Michelle Kaioh appear noticeably wealthy by unknown means. In the manga, Amara says that she and Michelle have "wealthy patrons." Amara is the target of sexism in episode 98 of the anime, but never of homophobia.

The anime and manga versions of the character are reasonably interchangeable, although her standoffishness is more pronounced in the anime. Like the other Outer Scouts, Amara is sometimes considered colder and almost unfeeling. Aside from a brief vignette in a special, Amara and the others do not return after the third season until the final fifth season, generally retaining the same personalities.

In the Sailor Moon musicals (Seramyu), Amara and Michelle's relationship remains largely unchanged; they are always shown together, which is consistent with both manga and anime, and while their romance in the musicals is usually kept low-key, the actresses for the two do kiss on stage in the omake of Kaguya Shima Densetsu Kaiteiban. They are also the only two Scouts to engage in physical combat with Galaxia.[5] The other Scouts only use their powers to combat her.[6] As in the anime, however, neither Uranus or Neptune are capable of harming Galaxia in combat. It is seen that Uranus could sense Neptune's death when Galaxia gravely injures Neptune, who had been weakened while protecting Sailor Mars.[7] Otherwise, the two are shown to be more willing to work as a team with the Guardian Scouts in the musicals than in the anime, except where plot-lines are directly drawn from the anime, such as their pretended betrayal of the other Scouts in Stars.

Amara's greatest dream, prior to becoming a Sailor Scout, was to be a professional racer. Thereafter it is still a well-loved hobby, and driving is listed in the manga as her best skill.[8] She is also a skilled runner, belonging to the track-and-field club at school.[9] On occasion, Amara can be seen playing piano in accompaniment during Michelle's violin performances. While Physical Education is her best class, Modern Japanese is her worst. Amara is highly private, able to tease others while becoming flustered if teased herself, and has difficulty with confessions. Her favorite food is salad, and her least favorite is natto (fermented soybeans); she also likes the color gold. According to Michelle, Amara has had trouble with popular men on more than one occasion. Haruka denies this, but it clearly annoys her.[10]

Amara and the other Outer Scout appear in the SuperS movie, although this conflicts with the general timeline of the series in several ways. Notably, they are more overtly friendly and helpful than they had been when they last met and Sailor Pluto is present (in contradiction of certain events in the third series).

Aspects and forms

First appearance
Form Manga Anime
Sailor Uranus Act 24 Ep. 90
Amara Tenoh Act 24 Ep. 92
Second (Super) form Act 39 Ep. 167
Princess Uranus Act 41 --
Third Senshi form Act 42 --

As a character with different incarnations, special powers, transformations and a long lifetime virtually spanned between the Silver Millennium era and the 30th century, Amara gains multiple aspects and aliases as the series progresses.

Sailor Uranus

Amara's Scout identity. She wears a uniform colored in yellow and cobalt blue, and unlike most of the other Scouts, her gloves extend only to mid-forearm. She is given specific titles throughout the various series, including Soldier of Sky[11] (or "the Skies" in the English manga) and Soldier of Flight. Perhaps her titles regarding the sky is in reference to the Greco-Roman Uranus, who was god of the sky.[12] Sailor Uranus is one of the more aggressive Scout, and carries the Space Sword, which is one of three talismans carried by the Outer Scouts. Her personality is no different from when she is a civilian, although certain powers are unavailable to her in that form. Sailor Neptune is her constant companion, and they are rarely separated. [3][4]Astrological symbol of Uranus As she grows stronger, Sailor Uranus gains additional powers, and at key points her uniform changes to reflect this. The first change takes place in Act 39 of the manga, when she obtains the Uranus Crystal and her outfit becomes similar to that of Super Sailor Moon. She is not given a new title. A similar event takes place in Episode 167 of the anime, and she is given the name Super Sailor Uranus. A third, manga-only form appears in Act 42, also unnamed but analogous to Eternal Sailor Moon (sans wings).[13]

Princess Uranus

During the Silver Millennium, Sailor Uranus was also the Princess of her home planet. She was among those given the duty of protecting the solar system from outside invasion. As Princess Uranus, she dwelt in Miranda Castle and wore a deep blue gown--she appears in this form in the original manga Act 41, as well as in supplementary art. It is unknown whether she had a relationship with Princess Neptune at that time.

Special powers and items

File:220px-WorldShaking.jpg
In her first Sailor Scout uniform, Sailor Uranus demonstrates her air-based powers with World Shaking.
In her first Scout uniform, Sailor Uranus demonstrates her air-based powers with World Shaking. Although Amara is extremely strong and has some psychic sensitivity (mostly in the form of dreams, shared by Michelle and Trista, or by "hearing" ill omens in the wind), she is not shown using any special powers in her civilian form. She must first transform into a Sailor Scout by raising her hand or a special device into the air and shouting a special phrase, originally "Uranus Planet Power, Make-up!"[14] In the manga she eventually gains her Uranus Crystal and this phrase changes to evoke Uranus Crystal Power.[15] In the anime, although she does upgrade to Super Sailor Uranus, the Crystal is never mentioned and her transformation is not shown on screen. When it is used, her transformation sequence involves a golden cyclone which encloses around her, forming her outfit. She is also once shown de-transforming—her outfit becomes flower petals as she walks away, leaving her nude for a moment before her normal clothes reappear.[16]

Sailor Uranus' powers are inspired by Roman mythology, where Uranus is the god of the sky. She is often mistaken as having earth-based powers, but this is because of the appearance of her first attack, World Shaking,[17] in the anime; she gathers energy from the sky and hurls this at the ground, breaking it up, but does not manipulate the earth itself with her will. She is given three major attacks in the series, and although they all have English names (like those of the other Sailor Scouts), each is also given kanji in the manga to denote the meaning to Japanese readers. For example, World Shaking is given kanji which translate to "sky" (天?), "world" (界?), and "shake" (震?).[12] The intended English pronunciation is given in furigana. This is Sailor Uranus's primary attack for most of the anime series.

Amara carries a special blade, the Space Sword, which turns out to be one of three powerful Talismans, the other two of which are carried by Sailor Neptune and Sailor Pluto. In the manga, she seems to already know it is a Talisman; in the anime, she does not gain the sword until it is revealed as such.[18] In either case, it is used in her second attack, Space Sword Blaster[19] (宇宙剣乱風?, "space sword chaos wind"),[12] as well as in physical strikes.

Her third and final attack, appearing only in the manga, is called Space Turbulence (宇宙乱気流?),[20] which uses no item at all. The Uranus Crystal is perhaps her most important possession, as it is her Sailor Crystal and the source of all her power, which becomes especially important in the fifth story arc. It is given to her by Sailor Saturn.[12]

Development

The character of Sailor Uranus was not developed until partway through the Sailor Moon series, after the Guardian Scout were well-established. She was created in tandem with Sailor Neptune, as "complementary but opposite characters,"[21] and meant from the beginning to work alongside Sailor Pluto. Creator Naoko Takeuchi has said that she was shocked by the changes made to Amara's personality in the anime series, but that she was glad fans still liked the character.[22]

Initial drawings of Amara are softer and more feminine than they would later become; she was originally intended to be involved in the all-female Takarazuka Revue, playing male roles on stage.[1] Although this was not included in the series itself, Takeuchi stated in an interview that she feels Takarazuka is "the maximum level of feminine emancipation. These actress cover all roles of the plays, even the male ones. I was inspired by them to create Amara."[23] She also described such a figure as "the female best friend and the fairy tale prince in one," stating that she had wanted for a long time to include a character like this in one of her works. Amara is intended as an older sister figure for the younger girls populating the series, and as a counterpoint to Darien, Takeuchi's ideal man.[24]

Amara is relatively androgynous in the manga, wearing both feminine and masculine outfits, in tune with the traditional depiction of a beautiful androgynous woman in shōjo comics. Takeuchi drew Amara as physically different when she crossdresses, with a more masculine figure than otherwise.[25] She even refers to Amara as being "in male form" at these times, and stated that she wanted this to continue in the anime—which it did.[22] In the anime, Amar's sometimes-feminine appearance is downplayed, and she almost always dresses as a man.

Amara's fascination with racing draws at least some of its details from Takeuchi herself; in the manga, they even share a favorite car, the Ferrari 512M.[22] In the anime, she is seen driving a yellow or white Toyota 2000GT (1968) convertible, and once Mazda Mx-5 Miata in montego blue (1990).[citation needed]

Certain background details of Amara's character were chosen symbolically—for instance, her Western astrological sign is given as Aquarius,[8] which in astrology corresponds to the planet Uranus. In reference to a popular Japanese belief, her blood type is given as B,[8] supposedly indicating cheerful wildness and selfishness.

The kanji of Amara's surname translate as "sky" (天, ten?) and "king" (王, ō?). Together, they constitute most of the name of the planet Uranus in Japanese, Ten'ōsei (天王星?, "sky king star")[26][27]. Her given name is in hiragana haruka (はるか?) and so its meaning is not inherent, but the word itself means "distant". Her family name is sometimes incorrectly romanized as Tennō, which is in fact a more common writing of the planet's name,[28] but the manga invariably glosses Amara's surname as Ten'ō where furigana are used, and it is pronounced this way in the anime.

Her name in the English-language anime, Amara, is derived from the Greek word αμαραντος amarantos, meaning "eternal" or "unfading".[29] In 1998, the packaging of dolls released in Canada by Irwin Toys gave Amara the name Corinn. In the Mixx (now Tokyopop) manga, she was once named Alex; Mixx later admitted this was a mistake, and changed her name back.

Reception and influence

The official Sailor Moon popularity polls listed Amara Tenoh and Sailor Uranus as separate characters. In 1994, with fifty one choices, Sailor Uranus was the sixth most popular character, receiving over nine thousand votes more than Amara, who was the tenth.[30] In early 1996, with fifty one choices, Uranus was the tenth most popular character, and Amara was the twelfth.[31] Amara Tenoh came first in the favorite female character poll in Animage 1995.[32] The following year she came seventh.[33]

Sailor Uranus has been described as having "clearly masculine traits", and that she protects Usagi "as a man would a woman". She is presented as being more logical than the others, more willing to resort to whatever means is necessary, and also physically stronger.[34]

In an effort to avoid the controversy that a lesbian character in a cartoon aimed towards a younger audience would cause, given the contemporary social mores in the United States, the dub also states that Amara and Michelle are cousins — even going so far as to occasionally state this through characters who should not know such information. However, whether in an attempt to be more faithful to the original Japanese or through sheer failure to edit consistently, several episodes of the English dub retain a noticeable amount of their casual flirting. It has even been implied that the difficulties in dubbing Amara and Michelle's relationship are part of the reason why there was a gap of several years between the dubbing of the earlier series and the dubbing of Sailor Moon S.[35] However, it should be noted that in Japan, there were also some controversies around the character.[36]

Fan fiction featuring Amara and Michelle is the third-most searched-for fanfiction on the Internet.[37]

Because of her masculinity, Western fans of the series have sometimes speculated that Sailor Uranus was a prince in her previous life, rather than a princess.[38]

Actresses

In the Japanese anime and movies, Amara Tenoh is voiced by veteran voice actress Megumi Ogata, who had previously portrayed a monster-of-the-day, Petz, and young Darien in the series.[39] Ogata was instructed by the director to portray Amara as if she and Michelle were a married couple.[40] In 1995, Ogata won the 16th Animage Anime Grand Prix award for best seiyū, largely because of her work as Sailor Uranus, breaking up a 12-win streak by Megumi Hayashibara. The previous year she had ranked third, and she ranked second for the next three years before dropping to ninth place in 1999.[41]

In the English adaptations, the voice of "Amara Tenoh" is provided by well known TV actress, Sarah Lafleur in one of her earliest roles.

In the stage musicals, Amara has been played by 4 actresses: Sanae Kimura, Nao Takagi, Asako Uchida, and Akiko Nakayama.[42] Sanae Kimura regarded the betrayal of Uranus and Neptune in her last musical, Eien Densetsu kaiteiban, to be a very difficult scene for her and cried during it.[43]

Nao Takagi, the longest-running of the musical actresses, decided that she wanted to play the role of the "Sailor Senshi with the blonde hair" when she saw one of the earlier musicals, despite having never performed before.[44] Takagi said she was "really happy to be able to play Uranus" and regarded Uranus as "a completely cool, handsome senshi".[45] She has stated that certain scenes involving herself and Yuhka Asami (as Sailor Neptune) were specially created just for the two of them, the song "Destined Couple" in particular.[46]

Amara does not appear in the live-action series.

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